Racial Inequality in the Justice System

Jim Frazier, 2008. Licensed for limited use under Creative Commons.

This guide is designed to help you research information about Racial Inequality in the Justice System. It includes an index of scholarly sources, as well as a list of websites and search engines that will be helpful in your research. If you have any trouble finding these sources or need help narrowing down a specific research topic, please ask a librarian for help. Good Luck! Any comments or suggestions are welcome!
  • RCC Library Home Page: Most materials found in this research guide are available at the library's home page.
  • Reference Desk: Please contact the library if you have any questions concerning this guide or research.



The on-line catalog provides access to the Library's collection of approximately 40,000 books, periodicals and audio-visual titles. These resources may be used to find information for assignments or general interest.

Tutorial for searching catalog and ordering books from MBLN

Good Search Terms to use: words or phrase

  • "race" AND "justice system"
  • "racism" AND "justice system"
  • "law" AND "race"
  • "crime" AND "race"
  • "racial inequality"
  • "justice system"

New Books

There are no new books on this topic at this time.

Circulating Books


Gould, Jon B. The innocence Commission: Preventing wrongful convictions and restoring the criminal justice system. New York: New York University Press, 2008. Print.
Call Number: KFV2987 .G68 2008.


Walker, Samuel. The Color of Justice: Race, ethnicity, and crime in America. Belmont: Thomson/Wadsworth, 2007. Print.
Call Number: HV9950 .W33 2007

Reese, Renford. American Paradox: Young black men. Durham: Carolina Academic Press, 2004. Print.
Call Number: E185.86 .R385 2004

Neubauer, David W. America's Courts and the Criminal Justice System. Belmont: West/Wadsworth, 1999. Print.
Call Number: KF9619 .N4 1999.

Holbert, Steve and Lisa Rose. The Color of Guilt & Innocence: Racial profiling and police practices in America. San Ramon: Page Marque Press, 2004. Print.
Call Number: HV7936.R3 .H65 2004.

Harr, J. Scott and Karen M. Hess. Constitutional Law and the Criminal Justice System. Belmont Wadsworth/Thomson Learning, 2002. Print.
Call Number: KF 9619.3 .H36 2002.

Roleff, Tamara L., ed. Criminal Justice. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2003. Print.
Call Number: HV9950 .C74324 2003.

Morín, José Luis. Latino/a Rights and Justice in the United States: Perspectives and approaches. Durham: Carolina Academic Press, 2005. Print.
Call Number: E184.S75 M675 2005.

Anaya Valencia, Reynaldo. Mexican Americans and the Law: El pueblo unido jamás será vencido!. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2004. Print.
Call Number: KF4757.5.M4 M49 2004.

Cole, David. No Equal Justice: Race and class in the American criminal justice system. New York: The New Press, 1999.
Call Number: HV9950 .C58 1999

Asim, Jabari, ed. Not Guilty: Twelve Black men speak out on law, justice, and life. New York: Amistad Press, 2001. Print.
Call Number: HV9950 .N67 2001.

Reese, Renford. Prison Race. Durham: Carolina Academic Press, 2006. Print.
Call Number: HV9950 .R434 2006

Kennedy, Randall. Race, Crime, and the Law. New York: Pantheon Books, 1997. Print.
Call Number: KF9223 .K43 1997.

Mauer, Marc. Race to Incarcerate. New York: New Press, 2006. Print.
Call Number: HV9950 .M32 2006.

Free, Marvin D. Racial Issues in Criminal Justice: The case of African Americans. Westport: Praeger, 2003. Print.
Call Number: HV9950 .R33 2003.

Reference Books

Sources annotated with REF are found in the 2nd Floor Reference Section

General Reference

Barak, Gregg, ed. Battleground: Criminal justice. Westport: Greenwood Press, 2007. Print.
Call Number: REF HV7411 .B38 2007.

Lerner, K. Lee and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner, eds. Crime and Punishment: Essential primary sources. Detroit: Thomson Gale, 2006.
Call Number: REF HV7419 .C743 2006.

Russell-Brown, Katheryn, ed. Race and Crime: An annotated bibliography. Westpor: Greenwood Press, 2000. Print.
Call Number: REF Z5703.5 .U5 R87 2000.


Schmalleger, Frank, ed. Crime and the Justice System in America: An encyclopedia. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1997. Print.
Call Number: REF HV6789 .C6884 1997.


Access to millions of journal, magazine, newspaper and reference source articles through our research databases.

Academic OneFile
Provides Access to full-text articles from hundreds of journals. Contains over 200 articles mentioning "race" and the "justice system".

Academic Search Premier
Provides access to over 3,800 full-text articles on a wide variety of subjects. Contains over 330 articles mentioning "race" and the "justice system".

African American Experience
A research tool on African American history and culture, African American Experience contains over 230 articles mentioning "race" and the "justice system".

General Reference Center Gold
Access full-text articles on many different subject. Contains over 70 articles mentioning "race" and the "justice system".

Latino American Experience
A research tool on Latino history and culture, Latino American Experience contains over 65 articles mentioning "race" and the "justice system".

Use this database for basic legal research. Includes case law, secondary legal sources and codes and regulations.

MasterFILE Premier
Provides full-text for over 1,500 periodicals. Contains over 180 articles mentioning "race" and the "justice system".

Streaming Video

Films on Demand

Race on trial,(23 minutes)
Does the American justice system treat people differently based on their race? In this ABC News program, correspondent Michel Martin reports on the startlingly disparate outcomes of two almost identical drug-related cases tried one after another in a Boston court. In one case, the judge sentenced an African-American defendant with no prior record to prison time on the insistence of the prosecution. In the other case, the prosecution asked for a sentence of drug rehabilitation as opposed to prison time for a white defendant with prior convictions. This provocative program offers a timely assessment of an unfortunately recurring problem in American courtrooms.

Web sites

There are many good web sites on Race and the Justice System. These web sites have been evaluated by library staff. Remember to always evaluate internet resources. To find out more about evaluating web sites, Cornell University has a very good guide.

Bureau of Justice Statistics
Contains statistical information on crimes, criminal offenders, victims, and the justice system.

National Criminal Justice Reference Service
Find information on Racial Profiling and other related issues in the Topics section.

ACLU of Northern California -- Racial Justice
The ACLU of Northern California's page on Racial Justice. Contains information, news, and action alerts on related topics.

The Sentencing Project -- Racial Disparity
From the Sentencing Project, a non-profit working for a fair and effective criminal justice system the Racial Disparity page contains links to relevant news and publications.

Basic Research Help

Please click the Ask a Librarian icon if you have any questions concerning these guides, need help finding material for your research or any general questions you might have.

General Library Information

Research guide prepared on 3/05/09 by Kathleen Keleher. Updated on 4-12-14 by Joy Singletary.